A Study of Papanicolaou Smear Diagnoses in
Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies,
2010, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 76-92
AbstractThis study aimed to estimate and analyze the prevalence of different normal, benign and abnormal cellular changes based on cytological diagnosis.
The study included 236 women undergoing cytological exams in obstetric and pediatric hospital in Hawler city. It revealed 4(1.6%) cases of various grades of CIN, 5(2.1%) cases of atypical squamous cells (ASC), 67(28.3%) cases of reactive cellular changes (RCC) and 71(30%) cases of squamous metaplasia. The relation of these conditions to the development of cervical cancer is discussed.
Furthermore, different cervical and vaginal infections were identified by cytological means, including 21(8.8%) cases of Gardnerella vaginalis, 11(4.6%) cases of Candida, 9(3.8) cases of Trichomonas vaginalis, 2(0.8%) cases of viral infection, and 45(19%) cases of nonspecific infection.In some cases more than one lesion is present in the same smear.
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