The purpose of this research is to design a home security system using Zigbee and Arduino controllers with number of sensors. The security system is widely used at home, institutes and factories. Zigbee is a communication protocol which is based on “IEEE 802.15.4 standard”. The physical and medium access control layers are defined by this standard. Three communication topology type are supported by Zigbee; they are: mesh, star and tree. Zigbee technology is characterized as having a low data rate, low power consumption and low cost. Arduino platform has good specifications, cheap, easy to use and wide varieties of shields have been emerged with many different purposes such as; Ethernet and GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) support available.
This study utilizes motion, gas and temperature sensors as the end device for detecting any intruder, gas or fire. Two Zigbee devices are used; one of them is used as a transmitter and the other as a receiver. Receiver coupled to the Arduino UNO and connected by wire to a computer to show the output using graphical user interface; also, Arduino Uno is connected to a bluetooth module to show the output on a smart phone.
The results show that the designed system can send and receive data up to 100 meters of distance between Zigbee sides (receiver – transmitter). The home security system using Zigbee and Arduino controllers with sensors has been successfully designed and implemented.