Volume 16, Issue 2, Spring 2021, Page 1-63

Review: Influence of Radiation on Female Fertility and Pregnancy

soma S. mohammed amin; Kharman A. Faraj

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2021, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 1-23
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2021.168660

Radiations made up of non-ionizing and ionizing radiations, this classification is based on the ionizing power and the energy of radiations. In developed and developing communities, people are continually exposed to radiations which are generated from variety sources that are naturally occurring or producing by human. The purpose of this study is to review accessible information on the influence of radiation on female fertility and to discuss the options for fertility preservation. Radiation exposure can result in impairment of tissue integrity and sometimes, leading to organs dysfunction, the impact of radiations on organs depends on site of irradiation, patient age and total radiation dose. Female patients who are treated with radiation have an increased rate of uterine dysfunction, ovaries dysfunction, impaired fertility, incidence of pregnancy complications, premature birth and miscarriage. Pre-pubertal uterus is more vulnerable to the effect of radiation, compared with the pubertal uterus due to arising ovarian estrogen production and uterus enlarges. To reduce the effects of radiations on female reproductive organ, fertility preservation procedures such as ovarian transposition, reproductive gland protection and oocyte cryopreservation should be carried out before and/or during radiotherapy.

Review: The Development of Infrared Radiation Applications in Medical Field

Qusay Khattab Omer Al-Dulamey

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2021, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 24-50
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2021.168661

The aim of the study is to demonstrate that infrared imaging can be used as a stand-alone phase in addition to health surveillance and medical evaluation. The advancement of infrared radiation techniques in the medical field in general, and breast cancer applications in particular, necessitates a review of this subject. The medical employ of thermography by infrared began in Germany shortly after 1950, where the single thermal picture of the individuals affected was shown long before (1928). Single Infrared radiation detectors were used at the outset. For a long time, thermal photography cameras soon taken from combat operations operation from low (thermal rather than spatial) resolution, and extraordinarily high product value. In addition, the decrease in laptop hardware value and software value putters. Since about 1980, better medical-suitable technology has been available hot thermocouple scale Fractional Preferential Attachment (FPA) processes have become more reachable, primarily LN2 cooled MCT scanners and then used widely after 2000, and have been widely used in medicine, despite some methodological concerns leading to medical misinterpretation. Individual medical thermal photography processes received certification in 2007, allowing them to be used as medical instruments for thermal measurement. Following European Health Regulations. Other instruments that do not have a CE health certificate are prohibited because photography is not allowed. Measurement functions that aren't used for temperature recording. Qualified medical infrared imaging can be used for a variety of purposes: rheumatology and orthopaedics, female breast region containing sensitive to thermal effort measures thermal radiation, neurology, cardiac photography (swing-libration vascular thrombosis), lab tests, surgical procedures, and completing body picturing.

Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Azo-Schiff Bases as Energy Rich Candidate Compounds Derived from 1, 5-Diaminoanthraquinone by Fusion Method

Nashwan Omar Tapabashi; Nihad Ismael Taha; Marwa N. El-Subeyhi

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2021, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 51-63
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2021.168662

             This work, which can be considered as a complement to our previous studies concerning chemical energy storage systems developing programmed, proposes the synthesis of new azo-Schiff bases derived from 1, 5-diaminoanthraquinone (DAAQ) resulting in an improvement in their absorption spectra. Five new derivatives (An1-An5) were synthesized by gentle fusing of (1 mmol of DAAQ) with (2 mmol) of early prepared azo derivatives of 2-hydroxy benzaldyhde. Medium to good yield was recorded on applying this method. Microwave irradiation of the same mixtures led to decomposition of the starting azo materials whereas prolonged reflux in DMSO was unproductive.