Volume 6, Issue 1, Spring 2011, Page 1-175

Experimental and Theoretical Study for Pizometric

Cheleng A. Arslan; Sahar A.Mohammad

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 1-18
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42533

In this work an experimental and theoretical study was done to test the effect of upstream, intermediate and down stream sheet piles inclination ,then the optimum case of the uplift pressure reduction was found .The study consisted 12 separated case of these inclined sheet piles with changing the direction of this inclination .Two angles of the inclination were tested 37,67 for each sheet pile .Many of uplift pressure distribution curves under the structure were plotted .Many conclusions for each sheet pile were found also.

The Study Relationship between Levels of Biochemical Criteria in Women with Thyroid Disorders (Increase or Decrease) in the Province of Salah Al-Din

Sina N. MohsinAl-DourySaria N. Mohsin Al-Doury

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-31
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42537

The study included 70 conditions of Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism, in addition to 30 conditions of healthy women who consult Tigris Medical Rehabilitation hospital. Their symptoms proved through physiological tests of the thyroid gland. The tests included: Assessing the concentration of thyroid hormone in serum T4, assessing concentration of stimulating hormone thyroid gland in serum TSH. M biochemical tests included: sugar level, cholesterol level, triglycerides level, proteins level. And the effectiveness of the enzyme Aspartate transaminase (AST). The results showed the existence of significant low in the total level of protein in serum of women patient of thyroid deficiency, while no change was noted in disease hyperthyroidism and the level (P <0.05). While the survey showed significant increase in the level of total sugar in the blood serum of women with excess gland, while there has been no change total sugar level in blood serum of women with thyroid deficiency in level of (P <0.05). The search results showed high level of triglycerides in hypothyroidism at level of (P <0.05). The results showed significant increase of effect of enzyme AST in both symptoms hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism at level (P <0.05). The conclusion of the study is there is low protein level for women patient of hypothyroidism, increase of sugar level in blood serum in women patient of hyperthyroidism, high level glycerides and cholesterol in women patient of hypothyroidism, high level of AST effect for women patient of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Effect of Spraying Urea in Yield and Components Properties in Upland Cotton Gossypium Hirsutum

Naif S. Saleh; Arshad Th. AL-Niaumi; Fathel R. AL-Kana

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 32-43
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42538

An experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design with four replicates to study the effect of spraying nitrogen fertilizer as a urea with concentration 0 , 10 , 20 , 30 mg/liter on the characters of cotton Koker 310 at summer season 2007 in experiment station of cotton research unit in mosul technical institute , all the agricultural practices were done for the end of season where study the plant height , number of nodes to the first fruit branch , number of vegetative branches , number of fruiting branches , number of bolls /plant , boll weight , seed index , lint index , lint percentage and seed cotton yield kg/h . Spraying urea fertilizer in concentration 20 mg/liter significantly exceeded from control in plant height , number of fruiting branches , number of bolls/plant , boll weight and seed cotton yield kg/h in percent 63.72 , 24.49 , 43.92 , 8.92 , 42.59% respectively while seed index significantly differed from control treatment in other used concentrations . Spraying urea fertilizer reflected significantly linear regression correlation to increase seed index and degrease lint percentage in addition to positive significant correlation for seed cotton yield with plant height , number of vegetative branches , number of fruiting branches , number of bolls /plant , boll weight and seed index .

Stability Parameters for Yield and its Components

Khalid M. Dawood; Flayh A. Jaber; Khather A. Saleem; Saddam H. Abbas

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 44-59
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42539

Nine varieties of rice were used in this study, eight introduced from Vietnam, 93 – 1,93–2, 93–3, Quannaty, Mu, T26, Goma61 and Amstad82, and the local one Anber33, to investigate the comparative genotype x environment interaction and to estimate broad sense heritability and stability parameters for: no. days to 50% flowering, plant height, no. grains per spike, no. spikes per m2, spike length, 1000 grain weight, biological yield, harvest index and grain yield, and estimates simple linear correlations among them. The varieties were grown through the season 2008 in eight environments (combinations between two locations, Al-Mishkhab and Al-Muthana, and four irrigation intervals, flooded, 2,4 and six days) using randomized complete block design with three replications. A combined analysis of variance results showed highly significant difference among varieties and environments, and highly significant genotype x environment interactions for all studied characters. Broad sense heritability was high for all characters and ranged from 86.695% for harvest index to 99.587% for spike length. Grain yield had positive significant correlations with no. grains per spike, no. spikes per m2, 1000 grain weight, biological yield and harvest index. The results of stability parameters showed that the introduced varieties Quannaty and Mu were stable and fit for different environment for larger number of studied characters, and the varieties 93 – 1, T26 and Goma61 showed high stability for grain yield of rice.

The Effect of Different Concentrations & Dates of Spraying Urea and Agrosoil – Plex on the Yield, and Its Physical & Chemical Characteristics in Apricot

Bahram K. Mohammad

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 60-81
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42540

This survey was performed in (2005), on Royal apricot trees grafted on apricot seedling root stocks planted in (1999) at Grdarash fruit orchard with cilty clay loam follows Agricultural college, university of Saladden / Arbil.
Fifty four apricot trees were selected and they divided into three blocks , each block containing (18) uniform trees , and the includes of each block were divided into three parts and each part included (6) trees , each part was sprayed at three different times then this (6) trees were divided into two parts , each part sprayed different material from the other , they were Urea powder solution & Agrosoil-plex in three different concentrations for each of them , which was (0, 1000 , 2000 mgm / liter) urea solution , (0, 1000 , 2000 micro ml / liter) Agrosoil - plex , and the period between each spray was one month , the first time was in (26-1-2005) for increasing yield , and improving chemical & physical characteristics of Apricot fruit (Royal).
R.C.B.D designing were used, analysis of variance and L.S.D test were applied on all research data.
The important results of this study can be summarized as follows:
1- The treatment by the third concentration (2000 micro ml / liter) from Agrosoil-plex and in the first date of spraying (26 – 1 - 2005) caused significant increasing fruiting.
5- The spraying by (2000 mgm / liter) urea in the second date of spraying (26 – 2 - 2005) caused the largest size of fruits.
6- The treatment by the second concentration (1000 mgm / liter) from urea and in the second date of spraying (26 – 2 - 2005) caused the largest weight of fruits.
9- Significant increasing was obtained in T.S.S & sugre content (total & reduced) ratio by spraying (1000 microml / liter) Agrosoil-plex in the second date of spraying (26 – 2 - 2005).

Software Simulation FWM in WDM Optical Communication Systems

Sawsan A. Abdul- Majid

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 75-90
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42541

A serious issue for WDM systems is the presence of resonant four wave mixing (FWM) terms, as a result of interactions between different channels. FWM presents a major source of non-linear cross talk. In multichannel systems, third order distortion mechanisms generate third order cross harmonics and a gamut of cross products. These cross products cause the most problems since they often fall near or on top of the desired signals .So the best solution is to avoid the FWM generation from early design stages. This paper describes the sources of FWM in WDM systems. In order to test the FWM generation with different frequency ranges, and different bit rates, different layout has been designed and strategies for getting around this limitation have been proposed. The experiments have been tested both on low and high bit rates, using optical signals with different frequency ranges. Proposed are solutions to avoid FWM for both low rate and high rate optical communication systems

On Smarandache Semigroups

Parween A. Hummadi; Pishtewa M. Dashtiy

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 91-102
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42542

In this work we study some type of Smarandache semigroups and Smarandache subgroups of a semigroup such as Smarandache cyclic semigroups, Smarandache p- Sylow subgroups and Smarandache normal subgroups. In addition we introduce the concept of Smarandache ideal of a semigroup and study its relation with Smarandache normal subgroup.

Semi Regular Lattice Polyhedra

Nazaneen Q. Mohammed; Qumry H. Hamko; Nafya H. Mohammed

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 103-113
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42543

The aim of this paper is to explain the probability of the existence of five regular and thirteen semi regular polyhedra; and we indicate that among these thirteen geometrical figures there are only three lattice polyhedra. Also in this work we present a proof of the existence of three regular lattice polygons.

A New Globally Convergent Self-Scaling Vm Algorithm for Convex and Nonconvex Optimization

Abbas Y. AL-Bayati; Basim A. Hassan

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 114-130
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42544

In unconstrained optimization, the original quasi-Newton condition where is the difference of the gradients at two successive iterations. Li and Fukushima proposed a modified BFGS methods based on a new Quasi –Newton equation where , where is a small positive constant .In this paper, we first propose the modified version of self-scaling VM-algorithm which was based on Li and Fukushima Quasi–Newton equation, i.e where . The corresponding AL-Bayati type algorithm is proved to possess the global convergence property in both convex and non-convex optimization problems. Experimental results indicate that the new proposed algorithm was more efficient than the standard BFGS- algorithm.

Dependence of C-Reactive Protein & Cholesterol

Malika K. Najeeb Al Barwari; Ahmed S. Mirza Al- Barwari

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 1-100
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42731

This study had been designed to illustrate the relationship between immunological and biochemical abnormalities in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Dohuk.
These patients were referred to the general Azadi hospital in Dohuk for investigation.

The present study include 80 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) which consisting of 44 males (55%) and 36 females (45%). The Patients were divided into two groups, the first group included 42 (52.5%) patients with angina pectoris (AP), and the second group included 38 (47.5 %) patients with myocardial infarction (MI).In addition, 10 healthy volunteers were participate as control group. The age distributions of these groups were 56.4 ±1.43 for CHD patients, 52.66 ±1.204 for AP patients, 60.52 ±2.35 for MI patients and 54.9 ±2.167 for controls (healthy).

Two parameters level in serum of patients and healthy groups we study such as detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) using agglutination test and measurement of total cholesterol (C). The results revealed by statistical analysis the following data:-
1- It has been found that CRP was elevated in 66 (82.5%) patients with CHD which include 36 (85.71%) patients with AP & 30 (73.684%) patients with MI in comparison of healthy individuals 1 (10%) (p<0.05).
2- The level of total cholesterol was high in patients with CHD 5.75 mmol/L ± 0.14 which was 6.02 mmol/L ±0.25 in patients with AP & 5.44 mmol/L ±0.09 in patients with MI as compared with control (healthy) group 4.071 mmol/L ± 0.086 and the difference highly significant (P<0.05).
This result reflects the importance of using all parameters mentioned in this study to achieve good prognosis especially c-reactive protein in diagnosis of cardiac disease.

Adherence of local and standard strains of Salmonella to human Uro-epithelial cells

Hager A. Shareef

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 11-18
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42732

This study include determination of the ability to adhere to human uroepithelial cells in three types of local isolates of Salmonella (S.typhi , S.typhimurium , S. montevideo) and compared this ability with standard strains (S.typhi 5535 , S.paratyphi B 5542 , S. paratyphi C a-55108). The results showed that all isolates were able to adhere to Human uroepithelial cells, and found that the standard strains adhered more efficiently than local isolates, but the statistical analysis revealed that there was no significant difference in adhesion rates between local and standard isolates. The results also showed that among the local isolates, the bacteria S. montevideo adhered in higher numbers than did other species, whereas the highest adherence among standard strains was by S. typhi 5535.

Employment of Some Organic Dyes as Chemical Converters in Construction and Testing Of a Basin Type Solar Still

Abdul-jabaar N. Khalife; Mahmood A. Al- Abassi; Neshwan O. Tapabasi

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42733

The performance of a basin type solar still, with removable cover, was tested using organic dyes as liquid thermal converters contained in sealed glass tubes. The choice of the optimum mixture was based on a study of the influence of concentration of individual components on thermal performance of every mixture. A comparison, in terms of yield per day, was made of performance of this new still with a similar still, the basin of which had been painted black with ordinary black paint. The new still showed better output.

Synthesis of New Fructo – Nucleoside Analogue Derivatives

Nadia Q. Haj; Mohsin O. Mohammad

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 29-39
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42741

Tow types of nucleoside derivatives have been synthesized. To prepare the first type 1′,3′ ,4′,6′ -Tetra-O-benzoyl-β-D-fructo furanose (F1)with a free hydroxyl group at position-2′ was chosen as the Chiron. The compound (F1) can be easily obtained from the reaction of anhydrous D-Fructose with benzoyl chloride in pyridine. When (F1)was treated with 45% hydrogen bromide it gave 1′ ,3′, 4′, 6′-Tetra-O-benzoyl-β-D- fructo furanose bromide(F2).The bromo fructo benzoate (F2) was then reacted with the proper nitrogen base (Theophylline, Adenine, Benzimidazole, Benztriazole) to give the nucleoside analogues derivatives(F5), (F8), (F11)and (F14) by hydrolysis of the benzoate groups of (F6), ( F9), ( F12) and (F15). The newly synthesized nucleoside analogues, Guanosine nucleosides were reacted with Palmitoyl chloride in pyridine at (-12°C) to give the 6′ -O-palmitoyl, (F7), (F10), (F13) and (F16).
The prepared nucleoside derivatives were characterized from their elemental analysis and IR, 1H-NMR and UV spectral data.

Simulation of Gas and Dark Matter in Galaxy Formation

Mudaffer M. Ameen; Mariwan A. Rasheed

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 40-52
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42805

In the present work the gas and dark matter were simulated in lambda cold dark matter model using gadget-2 code. In the simulation one million gas and one million dark matter particles were simulated from the early universe (redshift z=30) to (redshift z=0) in a box of size (80Mpc/h)3. The gravity caused the collection of gas and dark matter particles to construct many clumps, and then these clumps developed with time. The clumps are clusters of galaxies formed in the simulation. The clusters surrounded by voids, while the filaments formed between the clusters. The clusters, voids, and filaments were clearly appeared in redshift z=0. In the simulation, the density- temperature plane shows different concentrations of the non cooling and cooling of gas particles in different epochs.
In the simulation sixteen processors of high performance supercomputer of Nottingham University-England were used.

On Generalized Contra Continuous Functions and some Relations with other Kinds of Continuity on Intuitionistic Topological Spaces

Yunis J. Yaseen; Ali M. Jasim

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 131-147
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42836

We study in this paper the concept of contra continuous functions and generalized them in intuitionistic topological spaces and we studied the relations of each kind of these function by properties, examples and a diagram to summarize these functions. Also we study some relation between almost contra continuous function and some continuous functions.

Solving a system of fredholm integral equations of the second kind by using power functions.

Talhat I. Hassan

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 148-155
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42839

In this paper we used power functions for finding approximate solution of a system of fredholm integral equations of the second kind (S.F.I.E.2st. K.) with degenerate kernels. And also suggested an algorithm for this method the computer programming is given for the algorithm. The method and algorithm are tested on several numerical examples. After comparing the results with exact solution , it occurred that the results are good.

Effect of forest exposure on nutrient balance in oak (Qurecus aegilops)

Othman O. Ali; Nashat M. Abdulrahman; Akram O. Esmail

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 170-175
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42856

This study was conducted on 10, March. 2003 for comparing between Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium balance at east and west exposures of Hijran forest which located at north of Erbil governorate, the diagnosis recommendation integrated system (DRIS chart) results indicated to better nutrient balance and availability at east exposure in comparing with west exposure.