Keywords : diagnosis

Review: The Development of Infrared Radiation Applications in Medical Field

Qusay Khattab Omer Al-Dulamey

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2021, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 24-50
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2021.168661

The aim of the study is to demonstrate that infrared imaging can be used as a stand-alone phase in addition to health surveillance and medical evaluation. The advancement of infrared radiation techniques in the medical field in general, and breast cancer applications in particular, necessitates a review of this subject. The medical employ of thermography by infrared began in Germany shortly after 1950, where the single thermal picture of the individuals affected was shown long before (1928). Single Infrared radiation detectors were used at the outset. For a long time, thermal photography cameras soon taken from combat operations operation from low (thermal rather than spatial) resolution, and extraordinarily high product value. In addition, the decrease in laptop hardware value and software value putters. Since about 1980, better medical-suitable technology has been available hot thermocouple scale Fractional Preferential Attachment (FPA) processes have become more reachable, primarily LN2 cooled MCT scanners and then used widely after 2000, and have been widely used in medicine, despite some methodological concerns leading to medical misinterpretation. Individual medical thermal photography processes received certification in 2007, allowing them to be used as medical instruments for thermal measurement. Following European Health Regulations. Other instruments that do not have a CE health certificate are prohibited because photography is not allowed. Measurement functions that aren't used for temperature recording. Qualified medical infrared imaging can be used for a variety of purposes: rheumatology and orthopaedics, female breast region containing sensitive to thermal effort measures thermal radiation, neurology, cardiac photography (swing-libration vascular thrombosis), lab tests, surgical procedures, and completing body picturing.

Epidemiological and diagnostic studies of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kirkuk Governorate

Husain F. Hassan; Abdullah S. Ahmad

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2015, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 184-212
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2015.103473

In this investigation the total of 1600 cases or suspected cases of leishmaniasis were evaluated in Kirkuk gover province from January to December 2013 . One hundred forty six cases were found to be positive that were distributed among the four districts including Kirkuk , Hawija , Dubis , and Dakook. The highest infection rate was reported in Hawija (20.5%) whereas the lowest infection rate was in Kirkuk (3.5%) . In this study the cutaneous disease was more frequent in females (61.64%). The highest infection rate of cutaneous disease (50%) were found with age group(1-5) years while the lowest infection rate (2.05%) were at age group (20-25) years . Also the highest infection rate of cutaneous disease (24.62%) was recorded in January and the lowest rate in June , July and August . Most lesions located on exposed body sites (arms, hands, head and legs). The clinical features of the lesions were furunclar, ulcerative and some lesions were covered by firmly adherent crust and others were edematous.
By using direct microscopic test , amastigotes were dectectable in 93 cases , and the positive cases were increased to122cases by realizing the parasite culture in to diphasic NNN media, which conform the diagnosis. The examination of 146 serum sample plus 20 control serum sample by ELISA revealed 138 positive results (94.5%) as compared to 122 positive sample (83.5%) which were examined by classic methods . The examination of control sample by ELISA were all negative . On the other hand, the using of PCR was found to be very sensitive and useful for diagnosing cutaneous leishmaniasis and can provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the endemic areas . This study revealed the presence of leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major in Hawijadistritic .

Evaluation of Different Serologic Laboratory Tests Used For Diagnosis of Brucella Antibodies among Patients in Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk City

Ali H. Mohammad Ameen; Hadi H. Mohammad Ali

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2010, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 53-60
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2010.41085

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease, endemic in Iraq, and transmitted through dairy products. Several serological tests have already been used for Brucella infection diagnosis. Sera from a total 182 suspected patients having brucellosis attended Azadi General Hospital during the period between June – September 2009 had been screened by different serological tests, Rose Bengal agglutination test, B.abortus antigen agglutination test, B.melitensis antigen agglutination test as well as ELISA IgM, IgG have been used in this investigation to determine the type of infection and to evaluate the best serologic tests . By comparing the results obtained from these serologic tests and by using statistical methods (PPV, NPV and F-measure) it was found that the Rose Bengal test is most useful and more sensitive than other two tests B.abortus antigen test and B.melitensis antigen test. There have been no significant differences between the rate of acute and chronic infection. The result also suggested that the male and female have the same susceptibility for infection with Brucella.