Keywords : local

Adherence of local and standard strains of Salmonella to human Uro-epithelial cells

Hager A. Shareef

Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 11-18
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2011.42732

This study include determination of the ability to adhere to human uroepithelial cells in three types of local isolates of Salmonella (S.typhi , S.typhimurium , S. montevideo) and compared this ability with standard strains (S.typhi 5535 , S.paratyphi B 5542 , S. paratyphi C a-55108). The results showed that all isolates were able to adhere to Human uroepithelial cells, and found that the standard strains adhered more efficiently than local isolates, but the statistical analysis revealed that there was no significant difference in adhesion rates between local and standard isolates. The results also showed that among the local isolates, the bacteria S. montevideo adhered in higher numbers than did other species, whereas the highest adherence among standard strains was by S. typhi 5535.

Effect of using two types of local mineral mud (mohammed –torhan and Kirkuk) instead of activated sodium bentonite upon the haematological and biochemical parameters for female quails fed diet contaminated with aflatoxin


Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies, 2007, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 94-106
DOI: 10.32894/kujss.2007.43551

Two hundred and twenty four Japanse quail females ( 42 days old ) were randomly fed control diet and with thirteen diets contained two levels ( 0.4 and 0.8% ) of each local mineral muds: M – T, K and A. S. B with or without 2.0mg of AF/kg diet for 8 weeks. The statistical analysis showed significant decrease ( P ≤ 0.05 ) the value of the haematological and serum biochemical parameters and some blood enzymes activity ( GOT, GPT and ALP ) of the quail females fed diet contaminated with 2.0mg of AF/kg diet. The addition of the natural adsorbents ( M–T,K and A. B. S ) led to significant correct the abnormality of the haematological, serum biochemical parameters and activity of some blood enzymes except the value of MCHC by addiding 0.8% of M – T or K, mud noted there were no significant differences between the efficiency the three kinds of natural muds used in this study.